The autophagic process is also used to remove intracellular microbial pathogens. Several signaling pathways sense different types of cell stress, ranging from nutrient deprivation to microbial invasion, and converge to regulate autophagy at multiple stages of the process. Plaquenil 400 mg bid Hydroxychloroquine discontinue Plaquenil knee weakness How does plaquenil work for lupus Jul 14, 2016 Figure 2 Inhibition of autophagy by chloroquine induced more cell death than VNP20009 treatment. a B16F10 cells were infected with VNP20009 in the presence or absence of 20 μM chloroquine. To investigate the effect of chloroquine on FIP-gts-induced autophagy, expressions of beclin-1, p62 and LC3-II were detected by Western blot assay. As shown in Fig. 4, FIP-gts and chloroquine did not affect the expression of autophagy initiator beclin-1 in NTUB1 and N/P cells. Results Autophagy was induced in colon cancer models by exposure to both hypoxia and oxaliplatin. Inhibition of autophagy, either with chloroquine or by downregulation of beclin1 or of ATG5, enhanced sensitivity to oxaliplatin under normal and hypoxic conditions in a synergistic manner. Direct inhibitors of m TOR and those of pathways activating m TOR, subsequently induce autophagy. M TOR is a major negative regulatory axis of autophagy. Chloroquine autophagy inducer Approved drugs found to induce autophagy Huntington's., Immunomodulatory proteins FIP-gts and chloroquine induce. What class of medication is plaquenil Autophagy plays a crucial role in cancer cell survival and the inhibition of autophagy is attracting attention as an emerging strategy for the treatment of cancer. Chloroquine CQ is an anti-malarial drug, and is also known as an inhibitor of autophagy. Recently, it has been found that CQ induces cancer cell death through the inhibition of autophagy; however, the underlying mechanism is not. Inhibition of autophagy by chloroquine induces. - SpringerLink. Autophagy Inhibition Sensitizes Colon Cancer Cells to.. The Roles of Therapy-Induced Autophagy and Necrosis in Cancer.. Sep 20, 2016 Glioblastoma is refractory to conventional treatment, which is combined of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Recent studies have shown that glioma initiating cells GICs contribute to tumorigenesis and radioresistance. Recently, other studies showed that the GICs use the autophagy as the major pathway to survive. Chloroquine, an anti-malarial chemical, is an autophagic inhibitor which. Autophagy Inducers. Click to enlarge. Autophagy is an orchestrated homeostatic process to eliminate unwanted proteins and damaged organelles. The autophagic process is also used to remove intracellular microbial pathogens. Jan 27, 2010 Chloroquine CQ, an antimalarial lysosomotropic agent, has been identified as a potential adjuvant in the treatment regimen of GBMs. However, the mechanism of CQ-induced tumor cell death is poorly defined. We and others have shown that CQ-mediated cell death may be p53-dependent and at least in part due to the intrinsic apoptotic death pathway.